July 18, 2024

Major Shake-Up in Kenyan Banking Sector: KCB to Sell National Bank


KCB Group is preparing to sell its subsidiary, National Bank of Kenya (NBK), in a deal facilitated by the National Treasury and the Central Bank of Kenya. This comes less than five years after KCB acquired NBK in a 2019 rescue operation orchestrated by the National Treasury and Central Bank of Kenya. 

The planned sale, is shrouded in secrecy and involves an undisclosed Nigerian bank buyer and acquisition price. However, considering NBK’s ongoing financial challenges, analysts speculate the sale price will be lower than the original acquisition cost.

The most recent available financial data point is NBK’s book value as of September 2023, which sits at Sh10.6 billion.

In 2019, KCB, the country’s second-largest bank, embarked on a mission to revive NBK. NBK was then a struggling state-controlled lender plagued by capital adequacy issues and a history of losses. 

The exact figures involved in the initial purchase from the Kenyan government (who held NBK at the time) are unknown.

Through a share swap deal, KCB aimed to integrate NBK into its operations, solidifying its position as the dominant force in Kenyan banking. 

The acquisition, approved by the Central Bank of Kenya, created a financial behemoth, propelling KCB to the top spot in terms of assets and market share. 

However, the initial vision of a seamless merger seems to have faltered. Despite KCB’s significant investment, NBK continued to grapple with financial woes. 

By September 2023, NBK reported a net loss of Sh3 billion for the preceding nine months. This lackluster performance, coupled with narrowing capital adequacy ratios within KCB itself, may have triggered a strategic reevaluation. 

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Analysts like Eric Musau, head of research at Standard Investment Bank, suggest that KCB’s decision to sell likely stems from the need to maintain healthy capital buffers. 

NBK’s core capital to risk-weighted assets ratio falling below the regulatory minimum of 10.5% would have necessitated a costly recapitalization effort.

The sale, therefore, presents an opportunity for KCB to free up capital and potentially reward shareholders with a return.

KCB’s divestiture of NBK carries far-reaching consequences for both KCB and the wider Kenyan banking sector.

On the one hand, the sale could streamline KCB’s operations, enabling them to focus on core competencies and enhance efficiency. Streamlining could lead to a more agile and cost-effective organization. 

However, integrating NBK’s customer base, products, and systems into a separate entity could pose short-term challenges, potentially impacting KCB’s performance.

From a market positioning standpoint, the sale presents a double-edged sword. If KCB leverages the proceeds to invest in high-growth areas or expand into new markets, it could solidify its leadership position.

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Conversely, a poorly managed divestiture could weaken KCB’s competitive edge, resulting in market share losses and integration woes.

The ripple effects will extend beyond KCB. Rival banks are likely to view this development as an opportunity. Some may attempt to poach customers disillusioned by the transition, emphasizing stability and exceptional service. 

Others may see a chance to fill the void left by NBK’s absence, acquiring its assets or forging strategic partnerships. This could lead to intensified marketing efforts across the sector, with banks vying to attract customers seeking stability and innovative financial solutions.

KCB customers can utilize their mobile app or visit a branch near them for banking services. The kcb bank code (KCBLKENX017) can be used for international transactions. The kcb bank paybill numbers (522533 and 522522) can be used for mobile money payments within Kenya. 

Their contact center can be reached through the kcb bank contacts at +254711087000, +254732187000, or +254202287001 for any inquiries.

For the National Bank of Kenya, the current national bank paybill number (625625) and national bank ussd code (*625#) can be used to access mobile banking services.